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Cross-Modal Perception: Can Relate What They Hear with What They See (2-4 Months)

Young infants are also capable of relating what they hear with what they see. One study tested two-month-old infants’ ability to tell the difference between faces that matched sounds that the infants heard and faces that did not match. Infants reliably looked longer at the face that matched the sounds it produced. Even young infants are beginning to use various sensory information to make sense of the world.


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Kuhl, P. K., & Meltzoff, A. N. (1984). The intermodal representation of speech in infants. Infant Behavior & Development, 7, 361

Meltzoff, A. N., & Borton, R. W. (1979). Intermodal matching by human neonates. Nature, 282(5737), 403

Patterson, M. L., & Werker, J. F. (2003). Two-month-old infants match phonetic information in lips and voice. Developmental Science, 6(2), 191