One of the challenges babies face is discriminating against separate objects from what surrounds them. Experiments have shown that by 2 months, many infants use movement to help them determine distinct objects. For example, in one experiment, infants were shown a rod partially hidden by a block in the middle, so all the infants could see were the two ends of the rod. When the rod didn’t move, infants didn’t know whether the rod was a single “whole” rod or whether it was two rods with a block in the middle. When the rod moved behind the block, infants used this information to determine that it was a single rod.
Hofsten, C. von, & Spelke, E. S. (1985). Object perception and object-directed reaching in infancy. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 114, 198
Johnson, S. P., & Aslin, R. N. (1995). Perception of object unity in 2-month-old infants. Developmental Psychology, 31, 739